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open-access-imgOpen AccessClinical Profile of Acute Cerebrovascular Accidents
R. M. Bala Ashwathy,
N. Deepthi
Publication year2021
Background: Acute cerebrovascular disease or stroke is one of the most leading causes of morbidity and mortality. Due to change in dietary habits and life style factors, there is increase in co-morbid conditions like diabetes and hypertension. This in turn increases the risk for developing stroke. Aim: To study the cerebrovascular accident patients by analyzing and comparing their clinical profile. Materials and Methods: A prospective study was conducted in a tertiary care hospital in stroke patients. The type of stroke, associated risk factors and prognosis of the patients were studied. Results: A total of 50 patients were included in the study, for a period of 4 months from January 1, 2021 to April 30, 2021. Both male and female were included in the study. The mean age of the patients was 56.86 years. Thrombotic stroke was the most common (50%) followed by embolic and hemorrhagic stroke. Hypertension was the most commonly associated risk factor (80%), followed by diabetes (60%), smoking (52%), dyslipidemia (34%) and alcohol (28%). The comparatively higher incidence of cerebrovascular accidents in age less than 60 years is attributed to the rise in risk factors in the young age (P<0.05). The average duration of hospitalization was 6.58 days. There is no in-hospital mortality. Conclusion: With prevalence of risk factors on rise, younger individuals are also affected. Proper risk factor management will help in preventing stroke and its recurrence.
Subject(s)diabetes mellitus , disease , dyslipidemia , endocrinology , engineering , incidence (geometry) , mechanical engineering , medicine , optics , pediatrics , physics , prospective cohort study , risk factor , stroke (engine)

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