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open-access-imgOpen AccessEFFECT OF ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD ON THE THERMAL EFFICIENCY OF CONCENTRATED SOLAR COLLECTOR (EXPERIMENTAL STUDY)
Author(s)
Karima E. Amori,
Dheyaa A Khalaf,
Firas M. Tuaimah
Publication year2022
Publication title
maǧallaẗ al-ʻirāqiyyaẗ li-l-handasaẗ al-mīkānīkiyyaẗ wa-handasaẗ al-mawādd
Resource typeJournals
PublisherUniversity of Babylon
In this work, the effect of electromagnetic field on thermal performance of concentrated parabolic trough solar collector is studied experimentally. A two-axis tracking parabolic trough collector formed of a reflector (mirror tapes matrix), of (2m *1m), and an absorber copper tube (receiver) is designed. Water and water-based magnetic iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanofluid are used as heat transfer fluid in the collector. Three volume concentrations (0.3%, 0.5%, and 0.9%) of nanoparticles are investigated under a magnetic flux of (3.2, 4.3, 6.2, and 7.9*103 Gauss), which is installed at absorber inlet, middle, and exit. The three coils are connected to a DC-generator to control the electromagnetic field. The electromagnetic field effect on water flow in the absorber is found weak. A significant thermal improvement is figured when utilizing ferrofluid as a heat transfer fluid in the absorber. It is represented by higher temperature distributions in the absorber and higher solar collector efficiency compared with base fluid.
Subject(s)electromagnetic field , ferrofluid , heat transfer , magnetic field , materials science , mechanics , nanofluid , optics , parabolic trough , physics , quantum mechanics , thermal , thermodynamics
Language(s)English
ISSN1819-2076
DOI10.32852/iqjfmme.v22i1.584

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