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Premium Histologic Evaluation of Periodontal Healing in Humans Following Regenerative Therapy With Enamel Matrix Derivative. A 10‐Case Series
Author(s)
Yukna Raymond A.,
Mellonig James T.
Publication year2000
Publication title
journal of periodontology
Resource typeJournals
PublisherAmerican Academy of Periodontology
Background: Enamel matrix derivative (EMD) has been developed as a stimulus of periodontal regeneration. Human histology following its use has not been evaluated on pathologically altered root surfaces. Methods: Ten intrabony defects in 8 patients were evaluated at 2 centers. Teeth with advanced adult periodontitis that were treatment planned for extraction were treated with sulcular incisions; full‐thickness flap reflection; debridement of granulomatous tissue from the defect; placement of a notch in the root at the apical extent of calculus; mechanical root planing; conditioning with citric acid; application of EMD; wound closure with sutures; and placement of a periodontal dressing. Biweekly to monthly recalls were made until removal of small block section biopsies at about 6 months. The biopsies were fixed, decalcified, step‐serial sectioned at 6µ to 8µ, and stained with hematoxylin and eosin or Masson's trichrome. Results: Histologic evaluation of the region coronal to the base of the calculus notch showed evidence of regeneration (new cementum, new bone, and new periodontal ligament) in 3 specimens, new attachment (connective tissue attachment/adhesion only) in 3 specimens, and a long junctional epithelium in 4 specimens. No evidence of root resorption, ankylosis, or untoward inflammation was seen. Conclusions: The results of this study fulfill the proof of principle that use of EMD can result in periodontal regeneration on previously diseased root surfaces in humans, but on an inconsistent basis. J Periodontol 2000;71:752‐759.
Subject(s)anatomy , ankylosis , biology , cementum , connective tissue , coronal plane , debridement (dental) , dentin , dentistry , enamel matrix derivative , histology , junctional epithelium , medicine , microbiology and biotechnology , pathology , periodontal fiber , regeneration (biology) , resorption
Language(s)English
SCImago Journal Rank2.036
H-Index156
eISSN1943-3670
pISSN0022-3492
DOI10.1902/jop.2000.71.5.752

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