Premium A NEW TECHNIQUE FOR ORDERING ASYMMETRICAL THREE‐DIMENSIONAL DATA SETS IN ECOLOGYPremium

Author(s)

Pavoine Sandrine,

Blondel Jacques,

Baguette Michel,

Chessel Daniel

Publication year2007

Publication title

ecology

Resource typeJournals

PublisherEcological Society of America

The aim of this paper is to tackle the problem that arises from asymmetrical data cubes formed by two crossed factors fixed by the experimenter (factor A and factor B, e.g., sites and dates) and a factor which is not controlled for (the species). The entries of this cube are densities in species. We approach this kind of data by the comparison of patterns, that is to say by analyzing first the effect of factor B on the species‐factor A pattern, and second the effect of factor A on the species‐factor B pattern. The analysis of patterns instead of individual responses requires a correspondence analysis. We use a method we call Foucart's correspondence analysis to coordinate the correspondence analyses of several independent matrices of species × factor A (respectively B) type, corresponding to each modality of factor B (respectively A). Such coordination makes it possible to evaluate the effect of factor B (respectively A) on the species‐factor A (respectively B) pattern. The results obtained by such a procedure are much more insightful than those resulting from a classical single correspondence analysis applied to the global matrix that is obtained by simply unrolling the data cube, juxtaposing for example the individual species × factor A matrices through modalities of factor B. This is because a single global correspondence analysis combines three effects of factors in a way that cannot be determined from factorial maps (factor A, factor B, and factor A × factor B interaction) whereas the applications of Foucart's correspondence analysis clearly discriminate two different issues. Using two data sets, we illustrate that this technique proves to be particularly powerful in the analyses of ecological convergence which include several distinct data sets and in the analyses of spatiotemporal variations of species distributions.

Subject(s)biology , combinatorics , computer science , cube (algebra) , ecology , factor (programming language) , factor analysis , factorial , mathematical analysis , mathematics , programming language , statistics

Language(s)English

SCImago Journal Rank2.144

H-Index294

eISSN1939-9170

pISSN0012-9658

DOI10.1890/05-1806

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