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open-access-imgOpen AccessThe impact of COVID-19 pandemic on physical and mental health of Asians: A study of seven middle-income countries in Asia
Author(s)
Cuiyan Wang,
Michael L. Tee,
Ashley Edward Roy,
Mohammad Ali Fardin,
Wandee Srichokchatchawan,
Hina Habib,
Bach Xuan Tran,
Shahzad Hussain,
Men Thi Hoang,
Xuan Tuan Le,
Wenfang Ma,
Hai Quang Pham,
Mahmoud Shirazi,
Nutta Taneepanichskul,
Yilin Tan,
Cherica A. Tee,
Linkang Xu,
Ziqi Xu,
Giang Thu Vu,
Danqing Zhou,
Bernard JQW Koh,
Roger S. McIntyre,
Cyrus S.H. Ho,
Roger C.M. Ho,
Vipat Kuruchittham
Publication year2021
Publication title
plos one
Resource typeJournals
PublisherPublic Library of Science
The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has impacted the economy, livelihood, and physical and mental well-being of people worldwide. This study aimed to compare the mental health status during the pandemic in the general population of seven middle income countries (MICs) in Asia (China, Iran, Malaysia, Pakistan, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam). All the countries used the Impact of Event Scale–Revised (IES-R) and Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) to measure mental health. There were 4479 Asians completed the questionnaire with demographic characteristics, physical symptoms and health service utilization, contact history, knowledge and concern, precautionary measure, and rated their mental health with the IES-R and DASS-21. Descriptive statistics, One-Way analysis of variance (ANOVA), and linear regression were used to identify protective and risk factors associated with mental health parameters. There were significant differences in IES-R and DASS-21 scores between 7 MICs (p<0.05). Thailand had all the highest scores of IES-R, DASS-21 stress, anxiety, and depression scores whereas Vietnam had all the lowest scores. The risk factors for adverse mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic include age <30 years, high education background, single and separated status, discrimination by other countries and contact with people with COVID-19 (p<0.05). The protective factors for mental health include male gender, staying with children or more than 6 people in the same household, employment, confidence in doctors, high perceived likelihood of survival, and spending less time on health information (p<0.05). This comparative study among 7 MICs enhanced the understanding of metal health in the general population during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Subject(s)anxiety , covid-19 , demography , depression (economics) , descriptive statistics , disease , economics , environmental health , infectious disease (medical specialty) , macroeconomics , mathematics , medicine , mental health , pandemic , pathology , population , psychiatry , sociology , statistics
Language(s)English
SCImago Journal Rank0.99
H-Index332
ISSN1932-6203
DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0246824

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