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open-access-imgOpen AccessAncient Out-of-Africa Mitochondrial DNA Variants Associate with Distinct Mitochondrial Gene Expression Patterns
Author(s)
Tal Cohen,
Liron Levin,
Dan Mishmar
Publication year2016
Publication title
plos genetics
Resource typeJournals
PublisherPublic Library of Science
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variants have been traditionally used as markers to trace ancient population migrations. Although experiments relying on model organisms and cytoplasmic hybrids, as well as disease association studies, have served to underline the functionality of certain mtDNA SNPs, only little is known of the regulatory impact of ancient mtDNA variants, especially in terms of gene expression. By analyzing RNA-seq data of 454 lymphoblast cell lines from the 1000 Genomes Project, we found that mtDNA variants defining the most common African genetic background, the L haplogroup, exhibit a distinct overall mtDNA gene expression pattern, which was independent of mtDNA copy numbers. Secondly, intra-population analysis revealed subtle, yet significant, expression differences in four tRNA genes. Strikingly, the more prominent African mtDNA gene expression pattern best correlated with the expression of nuclear DNA-encoded RNA-binding proteins, and with SNPs within the mitochondrial RNA-binding proteins PTCD1 and MRPS7. Our results thus support the concept of an ancient regulatory transition of mtDNA-encoded genes as humans left Africa to populate the rest of the world.
Subject(s)biology , gene , gene expression , genetics , genotype , haplogroup , haplotype , human mitochondrial dna haplogroup , human mitochondrial genetics , mitochondrial dna , mt rnr1 , rna , transfer rna
Language(s)English
SCImago Journal Rank3.587
H-Index233
eISSN1553-7404
pISSN1553-7390
DOI10.1371/journal.pgen.1006407

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