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Premium Relationships between ventilatory impairment, sleep hypoventilation and type 2 respiratory failure
Hillman David,
Singh Bhajan,
McArdle Nigel,
Eastwood Peter
Publication year2014
Publication title
Resource typeJournals
Abstract Conditions that increase load on respiratory muscles and/or reduce their capacity to cope with this load predispose to type 2 (hypercapnic) respiratory failure. In its milder forms, this imbalance between load and capacity may primarily manifest as sleep hypoventilation which, if untreated, can increase the likelihood of wakeful respiratory failure. Such problems are commonly seen in progressive respiratory neuromuscular disorders, morbid obesity and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, either separately or together. Identifying patients at risk can be important in determining whether and when to intervene with treatments such as non‐invasive ventilatory assistance. Measurements of wakeful respiratory function are fundamental to this risk assessment. These issues are reviewed in this paper.
Subject(s)anesthesia , engineering , hypercapnia , hypoventilation , intensive care medicine , mechanical engineering , medicine , respiratory failure , respiratory system , ventilation (architecture)
SCImago Journal Rank1.857

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