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Premium Bioelectrical impedance analysis to estimate body composition in children and adolescents: a systematic review and evidence appraisal of validity, responsiveness, reliability and measurement error
Talma H.,
Chinapaw M. J. M.,
Bakker B.,
HiraSing R. A.,
Terwee C. B.,
Altenburg T. M.
Publication year2013
Publication title
obesity reviews
Resource typeJournals
Summary Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) is a practical method to estimate percentage body fat (%BF). In this systematic review, we aimed to assess validity, responsiveness, reliability and measurement error of BIA methods in estimating %BF in children and adolescents.We searched for relevant studies in Pubmed, Embase and Cochrane through November 2012. Two reviewers independently screened titles and abstracts for inclusion, extracted data and rated methodological quality of the included studies. We performed a best evidence synthesis to synthesize the results, thereby excluding studies of poor quality. We included 50 published studies. Mean differences between BIA and reference methods (gold standard [criterion validity] and convergent measures of body composition [convergent validity]) were considerable and ranged from negative to positive values, resulting in conflicting evidence for criterion validity. We found strong evidence for a good reliability, i.e. (intra‐class) correlations ≥0.82. However, test‐retest mean differences ranged from 7.5% to 13.4% of total %BF in the included study samples, indicating considerable measurement error. Our systematic review suggests that BIA is a practical method to estimate %BF in children and adolescents. However, validity and measurement error are not satisfactory.
Subject(s)bioelectrical impedance analysis , body mass index , clinical psychology , construct validity , convergent validity , criterion validity , internal consistency , mathematics , medicine , physical therapy , physics , power (physics) , psychometrics , quantum mechanics , reliability (semiconductor) , standard error , statistics , validity
SCImago Journal Rank2.845

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