Premium CARBONIC ANHYDRASE AND CARBON FIXATION IN COCCOLITHOPHORIDS 1Premium
Sikes C. Steven,
Wheeler A. P.
journal of phycology
ABSTRACT Rates of carbon fixation in coccolithophorids in culture, unlike many other algae, are carbon limited at ambient levels of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC). Apparently, plants often rely on activity of carbonic anhydrase (CA) to raise the level of CO 2 in cells and achieve carbon saturation. However, CA activities in the coccolithophorids, Coccolithus (= Emiliania) huxleyi Lohmann and Hymenomonas (=Cricosphaera) carterae Braarud, were either not detectable or very low compared to activities in other systems, including other algae, higher plants, and representative animals. Furthermore, additions of CA to medium with 2 mM DIC at pH 8.1 resulted in nearly 30% enhancement of photosynthesis, but not coccolith formation. Although carbon fixation in coccolithophorids can be suppressed by the CA inhibitor acetazolamide, studies of CaCO 3 nucleation revealed a non‐specific effect of the inhibitor. Using a 30 min assay based on pH decreases accompanying loss of dissolved. CO 3 2‐ , inhibition of crystal formation in the absence of CA at 1 mM acetazolamide was demonstrated for decalcified crab carapace, a tissue with which normal CaCo 3 deposition in vitro has been shown. The results suggest only a minor role for CA in coccolithophorids.
Subject(s)biochemistry , biology , biophysics , botany , carbon dioxide , carbon fixation , carbonic anhydrase , dissolved organic carbon , ecology , emiliania huxleyi , enzyme , nutrient , photosynthesis , phytoplankton , total inorganic carbon
SCImago Journal Rank0.85
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