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Premium Immunoglobulin G subclasses in wheezing infants
Karaman ÖZkan,
Uzuner Nevin
Publication year1998
Publication title
pediatrics international
Resource typeJournals
PublisherBlackwell Publishing Ltd
AbstractBackground:The wheezing infant is a common but difficult patient to approach diagnostically. The prevalence of immunoglobulin (Ig) G subclass deficiency in wheezing infants is still controversial.Methods:We studied the serum concentration of IgG subclasses in 38 wheezing infants (aged6–24 months) who had not received systemic steroids before investigation and in 30 healthy age matched controls6–31 months).Results:The prevalence of one or more IgG subclass deficiencies was 3 1.6% in wheezing infants and 26.7% in controls. There was no significant difference in prevalence of IgG subclass deficiency between patients and controls ( P > 0.05). The mean concentration of IgG subclasses in patients were compared with controls. There was no significant difference in mean serum concentration of IgG 1 , G 2 and G 3 subclasses. However, there a trend towards higher concentrations of IgG 4 in wheezing infants and this difference for IgG 5 was significant (P < 0.01). Immunoglobulin G subclass deficiency was found in 25 and 36.4% of wheezing infants who experienced from two to four and five or more wheezing episodes in 2 years, respectively (P > 0.05).Conclusion:Our findings suggest that wheezing in infancy is not associated with IgG subclass deficiency, and in wheezing infants low IgG subclasses levels do not increase the frequency of wheezing. However, is a relationship between recurrent wheezing and serum IgG 4 subclass concentration.
Subject(s)antibody , asthma , immunology , medicine , pediatrics , respiratory sounds , significant difference , subclass
SCImago Journal Rank0.49

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