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Premium Aggression in Tropical Orb‐weaving Spiders a Quest for Food?
Author(s)
Hoffmaster Debra K.
Publication year1986
Publication title
ethology
Resource typeJournals
PublisherBlackwell Publishing Ltd
Abstract This study examines factors that influence aggression between orb‐weaving spiders in Panama. As a measure of a spider's tendency to invade, I randomly released 24 marked spiders near occupied webs. To assess aggression, I staged 150 interactions using 80 intruders of two species and 73 occupants of 12 species. Aggression was measured using a composite index resulting in a single measure for each combatant and each interaction. As anticipated, occupant and intruder aggression (measured by the aggressive index) were highly correlated. Surprisingly, no other variables were able to explain the remaining variation in either measure. Intruder prey deprivation, the presence or absence of prey at the beginning of the encounter and the presence or absence of mid‐sequence prey were each related to contest length. This relationship, between contest length and prey, indicates that prey are important in determining the combatants' persistence and suggests the existence of complex interrelationships between aggression and measures of prey availability.
Subject(s)aggression , attraction , biology , contest , ecology , law , linguistics , philosophy , political science , predation , psychology , social psychology , spider , zoology
Language(s)English
SCImago Journal Rank0.739
H-Index74
eISSN1439-0310
pISSN0179-1613
DOI10.1111/j.1439-0310.1986.tb00628.x

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