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acta anaesthesiologica scandinavica
An expression (L n ) is presented for the net fluid leakage from the intravascular to the extravascular space in the lung. It is based on a new dog model and is the sum of rate of change in extravascular lung water content (EVLW), thoracic lymph flow, and pleural fluid formation. The rate of change of EVLW (delta EVLW) in ml/kg/h was calculated from repeated measurements of EVLW with a double‐indicator dilution technique (dye/cold) and corrected according to the relation between EVLW measured by this technique and gravimetry. L n was studied in lung‐healthy mechanically ventilated dogs during a prolonged period of mechanical ventilation with and without the application of a positive end‐expiratory pressure of 10 cmH 2 O (1.0 kPa). During mechanical ventilation, L n was found to be 0.3 ml/kg/h in the basal condition, increasing to 0.5 ml/kg/h ( P <0.01) after a mean period of 7 h. After the application of a positive end‐expiratory pressure (PEEP) of 10 cmH 2 O (1 kPa) for 0.5–2 h, L n was found to increase significantly, from a mean of 0.3 ml/kg/h to 0.9 ml/kg/h ( P <0.01). We conclude that L n is a useful quantitative expression in experimental studies on lung fluid balance.
Subject(s)anesthesia , artificial ventilation , basal (medicine) , engineering , fissipedia , insulin , lung , mechanical engineering , mechanical ventilation , medicine , nuclear medicine , positive end expiratory pressure , respiratory disease , ventilation (architecture)
SCImago Journal Rank0.738
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