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Premium Overview of herbal and traditional remedies in the treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis based on Traditional Persian Medicine
Parvizi Mohammad Mahdi,
Zare Farzaneh,
Handjani Farhad,
Nimrouzi Majid,
Zarshenas Mohammad M.
Publication year2020
Publication title
dermatologic therapy
Resource typeJournals
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
Abstract This study aims to describe the herbal and traditional remedies in the treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) with an overview on related available evidence in modern medicine. This study is a review that focuses on the most important Traditional Persian Medicine (TPM) sources including Avicenna's Canon of Medicine , Jorjani's Zakhīra‐yi Khārazmshāhī , and Aazam‐Khan's Eksir‐e‐Aazam , as well as pertinent information from Embase, PubMed, Scopus, Scientific Information Database, and Google Scholar by using the keywords salak , rīsh‐e‐balkhi , cutaneous leishmaniasis, and leishmaniasis for selected remedies. Several oral and topical herbal remedies, such as Vitis vinifera L. ( Unripe grapes ), Berberis vulgaris L., Rheum ribes L., Santalum album L., Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J.Presl (Camphor), Brassica nigra (L.) K. Koch, Crocus sativus L., Juniperus excelsa M. Bieb, honey, and Alum root, were mentioned in TPM resources for the treatment of CL. Furthermore, cauterization, cupping, and leech therapy were considered for this purpose. In this review, some evidence‐based studies will also be presented that have demonstrated the therapeutic properties of some of these products. In conclusion, the sages of TPM have recommended several systemic or topical medications, in addition to physical procedures, for treatment of CL, all of which could be a base for conducting further research on its efficacy.
Subject(s)medicine , traditional medicine
SCImago Journal Rank0.595

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