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Premium When's dinner? Does timing of dinner affect the cardiometabolic risk profiles of South‐Asian Canadians at risk for diabetes
Author(s)
Sandhu S. K.,
Tang T. S.
Publication year2017
Publication title
diabetic medicine
Resource typeJournals
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
Abstract Aim To explore the relationship between the time dinner is consumed (dinnertime or timing of dinner) and cardiometabolic risk factors among South‐Asian Canadians at risk for diabetes. Methods We recruited 432 South‐Asian adults affiliated with Sikh and Hindu Temples in Metro Vancouver. Participants deemed to be at risk of diabetes underwent a clinical and behavioural assessment. Dinnertime was measured via self‐report. Clinical endpoints included HbA 1c , apolipoprotein, blood pressure, weight, BMI and waist circumference. Results The mean age of participants was 65 years and 59% were male. Dinnertime was categorized into three groups: early (before 18:00 h); average (18:00 to 20:00 h); and late (later than 20:00 h). Among the participants, 19% ( n = 79), 44% ( n = 187) and 37% ( n = 157) reported early, average and late dinnertimes, respectively. Significant differences were found for dinnertime groups and years of residence in Canada, gender and employment. Compared with the early dinnertime group, the late dinnertime group lived in Canada for a shorter duration, comprised a higher proportion of males (66 vs 48%; P = 0.01) and were currently employed (37 vs 22%; P = 0.02). With regard to clinical endpoints, compared with the early dinnertime group, the late dinnertime group had lower systolic blood pressure (135.9 vs 131.7 mmHg; P = 0.03). After controlling for demographic characteristics, this difference was diminished. No significant differences were found between dinnertime and HbA 1c , apolipoprotein, diastolic blood pressure, weight, BMI and waist circumference. Conclusion Findings suggest that, among this sample of South‐Asian Canadians at risk of Type 2 diabetes, there was no association between timing of the evening meal and cardiometabolic profiles.
Subject(s)blood pressure , body mass index , demography , diabetes mellitus , endocrinology , gerontology , medicine , sociology , waist
Language(s)English
SCImago Journal Rank1.474
H-Index145
eISSN1464-5491
pISSN0742-3071
DOI10.1111/dme.13081

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