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Premium Goal disturbance changes pre/post‐renal transplantation are related to changes in distress
Author(s)
Vries Alicia M.,
Schulz Torben,
Westerhuis Ralf,
Navis Gerjan J.,
Niesing Jan,
Ranchor Adelita V.,
Schroevers Maya J.
Publication year2017
Publication title
british journal of health psychology
Resource typeJournals
PublisherBritish Psychological Society
Objective Renal transplantation ( RT x) is considered the treatment of choice for end‐stage renal disease ( ESRD ) given its association with lower mortality, and improved overall quality of life and psychological functioning compared to dialysis. However, much less is known about which factors underlie these psychological improvements across RT x. Goal theory suggests that experienced disturbances in important goals are related to lower psychological functioning. This study aimed to (1) identify the most disturbed and most important goals for patients before RT x, (2) to examine changes in goal disturbance and goal importance pre/post‐ RT x, and (3) to examine whether changes in goal disturbance are associated with changes in psychological distress over time, and whether this relationship is mediated by changes in perceived control. Methods In this longitudinal study, 220 patients completed questionnaires before and after RT x, including questionnaires to assess goals ( GOALS questionnaire), psychological distress ( GHQ ‐12), and perceived control (Mastery scale). Results End‐stage renal disease affected both general and disease‐specific goals. Approximately 30% of the patients indicated to experience high or very high disturbance before transplantation. Goal disturbance generally decreased significantly pre‐ to post‐ RT x, whereas goal importance did not change significantly pre‐ to post‐ RT x. No mediation effect of perceived control was found. Instead, both changes in goal disturbance and perceived control showed independent effects on changes in distress. Conclusions Intervention strategies targeting attainable and realistic goal setting, and perceived control in RT x recipients who do not benefit optimally from RT x, might enhance psychological functioning in this population.Statement of contribution What is already known on this subject?Kidney transplantation improves patients’ psychological functioning. Experienced disturbances in important life goals are related to lower psychological functioning in chronic illness.What does this study add?Goal disturbance decreases after renal transplantation, and this is related to a decrease in distress over time. Perceived control does not mediate the relationship between goal disturbance and distress pre/post‐transplantation. Changes in perceived control have an additional main effect on changes in distress.
Subject(s)clinical psychology , dialysis , disease , distress , environmental health , goal setting , law , mediation , medicine , political science , population , psychiatry , psychology , psychotherapist , quality of life (healthcare) , social psychology , transplantation
Language(s)English
SCImago Journal Rank1.05
H-Index88
eISSN2044-8287
pISSN1359-107X
DOI10.1111/bjhp.12243

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