Premium Changes in white matter microstructure predict lithium response in adolescents with bipolar disorderPremium
Szeszko Philip R
Objectives To investigate whether response to lithium treatment in pediatric bipolar disorder can be predicted by changes in white matter microstructure in key cortico‐limbic tracts involved in emotion regulation. Methods Eighteen clinically referred lithium‐naive patients (mean age 15.5 years) were administered clinical rating scales and diffusion tensor imaging ( DTI ) examinations at baseline and following 4 weeks of lithium treatment. Clinical ratings were repeated following 8 weeks of treatment. Patients with Clinical Global Impressions ( CGI ) ratings of 1 (“very much improved”) or 2 (“much improved”) were classified as responders. Ten healthy volunteers received baseline and follow‐up DTI examinations. Using the ENIGMA pipeline, we investigated the relationship between changes in fractional anisotropy ( FA ) in the cingulum hippocampus (CGH) and clinical response to lithium. Results Patients demonstrated significantly lower FA compared to healthy volunteers in the left and right CGH white matter at baseline. Following 4 weeks of lithium treatment, FA in the left CGH increased in patients, but no significant changes in FA were observed among the untreated healthy volunteers. Lithium responders had a significantly greater increase in FA compared to non‐responders. Moreover, baseline (pre‐treatment) FA in the left CGH white matter significantly predicted week 8 overall CGI severity score, with post hoc analyses indicating that these effects were evident for both severity of depression and mania. Conclusions Our findings suggest that response to lithium treatment in pediatric bipolar disorder is associated with normalization of white matter microstructure in regions associated with emotion processing.
Subject(s)bipolar disorder , cardiology , cingulum (brain) , diffusion mri , fractional anisotropy , gastroenterology , lithium (medication) , magnetic resonance imaging , mania , medicine , oncology , psychology , radiology , white matter
SCImago Journal Rank2.285
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