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the faseb journal
PublisherThe Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Stress granules (SGs) are ribonucleoprotein (RNP) assemblies that form in eukaryotic cells as a result of limited translation in response to stress. SGs form during viral infection and are thought to promote the antiviral response since many viruses encode inhibitors of SG assembly. However, the antiviral endoribonuclease RNase L also alters SG formation, whereby only small punctate SG‐like bodies that we term RNase L‐dependent bodies (RLBs) form during RNase L activation. How RLBs relate to SGs and their mode of biogenesis is unknown. Herein, using immunofluorescence, live‐cell imaging, and MS‐based analyses, we demonstrate that RLBs represent a unique RNP granule with a protein and RNA composition distinct from that of SGs in response to dsRNA lipofection in human cells. We found that RLBs are also generated independently of SGs and the canonical dsRNA‐induced SG biogenesis pathway, as RLBs did not require protein kinase R (PKR), phosphorylation of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 subunit 1 (eIF2α), the SG assembly G3BP paralogs, or release of mRNAs from ribosomes via translation elongation. Unlike the transient interactions between SGs and P‐bodies, RLBs and P‐bodies extensively and stably interacted. However, despite both RLBs and P‐bodies exhibiting liquid‐like properties they remained distinct condensates. Taken together, these observations reveal that RNase L promotes the formation of a unique RNP complex that may have roles during the RNase L‐mediated antiviral response.
Subject(s)biochemistry , biology , biophysics , chemistry , gene , messenger rna , messenger rnp , microbiology and biotechnology , ribonucleoprotein , rna , rnase p , stress granule , translation (biology)
SCImago Journal Rank1.709
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