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open-access-imgOpen AccessA210 ADLERCREUTZIA IS DEPLETED IN UC PATIENTS, EVEN BEFORE CLINICAL DIAGNOSIS, AND INVERSELY CORRELATES WITH FECAL ELASTOLYTIC ACTIVITY
Author(s)
A Santiago Badenas,
Josie Libertucci,
Williams Turpin,
Heather J. Galipeau,
Kenneth Croitoru,
A. Álvarez Fernández,
Elena F. Verdu
Publication year2020
Publication title
journal of the canadian association of gastroenterology
Resource typeJournals
PublisherOxford University Press
Background A combination of genetics, environmental, and immune factors contribute to the development of ulcerative colitis (UC). Host proteolytic imbalance has been reported in active UC. Preliminary results from our lab suggest microbial proteolytic activity is increased before as well as after onset of UC, and transfer of this activity to mice contributes to inflammation. Aims Our aim was to correlate the elastolytic activity of fecal samples from individuals at risk for IBD, before and after onset of ulcerative colitis, with their fecal microbiota profiles Methods We first investigated proteolytic activity in fecal samples from individuals at risk to develop UC (pre-UC, n=12) prior to disease onset and after UC diagnosis (post-UC, n=7) and matched healthy controls (n=66). Microbial community analysis was performed by sequencing the V4 region of the 16S rRNA gene region using Illumina MiSeq platform. Sequences were analyzed with QIIMEv1.9.0. We measured bacterial proteolytic activity, using a FITC-elastin assay. Results Microbial community analysis revealed that the overall diversity (both richness and evenness) in UC patients was decreased compared to healthy controls as well as pre-UC patients. The relative abundance of the genus Adlercreutzia was decreased by 3.1 fold in pre-UC patients compared to healthy controls and was further decreased in post-UC (3.8 fold). The presence of Adlercreutzia was also found to be negatively correlated (r=-0.47, p<0.0001) with elastolytic activity in stool supernatant, suggesting a possible protective role in the disease. Conclusions We found novel potentially protective bacteria, Adlercreutzia, which was depleted in UC patients, even before clinical diagnosis and correlated negatively with proinflammatory elastolytic activity described previously in IBD. The protective mechanisms are under investigation. On behalf of the CCC-GEM Project consortiumand Supported by a CCC GIA to EFV Funding Agencies CCC
Subject(s)bioinformatics , biology , colitis , disease , feces , gastroenterology , immunology , inflammatory bowel disease , medicine , microbiology and biotechnology , microbiome , ulcerative colitis
Language(s)English
ISSN2515-2084
DOI10.1093/jcag/gwz047.209

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