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Premium The effect of ketamine on 0.25% and 0.125% bupivacaine for caudal epidural blockade in children
Author(s)
JOHNSTON P,
FINDLOW D,
ALDRIDGE L. M,
DOYLE E
Publication year1999
Publication title
pediatric anesthesia
Resource typeJournals
PublisherBlackwell Science Ltd
Summary Forty boys aged from one to five years undergoing orchidopexy were randomly allocated to receive one of two solutions for caudal epidural injection. Group A received 1 ml??kg −1 of 0.125% bupivacaine with ketamine 0.5 mg??kg −1 and Group B received 1 ml??kg −1 of bupivacaine 0.25% with ketamine 0.5 mg??kg −1 . Postoperative pain was assessed by means of a modified Objective Pain Score and analgesia was administered if this score exceeded four. The median duration of caudal analgesia was 8 h in Group A compared with 9.5 h in Group B ( P <0.05). The time taken to recover the ability to walk was a median of two h in Group A and three h in Group B ( P <0.05). There were no differences between the groups in the incidence of urinary retention or postoperative sedation.
Subject(s)anesthesia , blockade , bupivacaine , group b , incidence (geometry) , ketamine , medicine , optics , pain score , physics , receptor , sedation , surgery , urinary retention
Language(s)English
SCImago Journal Rank0.704
H-Index82
eISSN1460-9592
pISSN1155-5645
DOI10.1046/j.1460-9592.1999.9120279.x

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