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Premium Complicating risk factors for pyelonephritis after extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
Fujita Kimio,
Mizuno Takuji,
Ushiyama Tomomi,
Suzuki Kazuo,
Hadano Shinsuke,
Satoh Shigenori,
Kambayashi Tomoyuki,
Mugiya Soichi,
Nakano Masaru
Publication year2000
Publication title
international journal of urology
Resource typeJournals
PublisherBlackwell Science Pty
AbstractPurpose: The score to predict the risk of post‐extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) pyelonephritis was evaluated. The score was based on the multivariate analysis of risk factors available pre‐operatively. Stone size, pyuria, bacteriuria, previous pyelonephritis and other adjunctive procedures had been selected and scored.Methods: Three‐hundred and forty‐eight adult patients without active urinary infection undergoing ESWL therapy were studied. One of three regimens were selected by either doctor or patient: (i) no antimicrobial treatment; (ii) one dose of levofloxacin; or (iii) 1 week course of levofloxacin. Who and why selected it were described. Post‐ESWL fever over 38°C was defined as the unfavorable event.Results/conclusion: With increasing score, doctors recommend taking an antimicrobial. There were 11 bacteriuric patients and post‐ESWL pyelonephritis developed in one of them. Bacteria within the stone and post‐ESWL ureteral obstruction caused by the stone fragments were considered to be important in developing pyelonephritis. However, multiple factors were related with it. Although their decision was not based simply on the score, the score was confirmed to be useful in identifying the high‐risk patients and, therefore, to implement cost‐effective antimicrobial use.
Subject(s)antibiotics , antimicrobial , bacteriuria , biology , chemistry , extracorporeal , extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy , levofloxacin , lithotripsy , medicine , microbiology and biotechnology , organic chemistry , pyuria , surgery , urinary system , urology
SCImago Journal Rank1.172

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