Comparative Study on Five Different Commercial Extenders for Boar Semen
Van Soom A
reproduction in domestic animals
Contents Increasing interest in a longer preservation of diluted boar sperm raises questions in the field concerning the choice of the extender. The aim of this study was to evaluate the longevity of boar sperm extended in currently used commercial semen extenders. Three long‐term extenders and two short‐term extenders were compared for different semen quality parameters that can be assessed under routine laboratory conditions. Sperm morphology, motility, pH and bacteriological contamination were investigated during a 7‐day period. The number of dead spermatozoa did not differ significantly among the extenders (p > 0.05). Sperm motility was not only related with storage period but most of all with pH, especially in long‐term extenders. Differences between the different extenders were prominent (p < 0.05); the sperm preserved in only one long‐term extender showed good motility during the whole test period. In all cases, the pH of the extended semen increased by 0.3–0.5 in the first days of storage and was significantly correlated with a decrease in motility. Bacteriological quality had no significant influence on motility or pH of the semen. In conclusion, we can state that in both short‐term extenders and in only one long‐term extender, sperm longevity, as evaluated by the parameters used in this study, was sufficient during the preservation period. To preserve the quality of diluted boar semen during long‐term storage, the choice of the long‐term extender is important. In addition, the monitoring of the pH of extended boar semen in our study emphasizes the importance of the buffering capacity of semen extenders.
Subject(s)andrology , biology , boar , chemistry , extender , genetics , medicine , motility , organic chemistry , polyurethane , semen , semen extender , semen quality , sperm , sperm motility , zoology
SCImago Journal Rank0.546
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