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Premium Demonstrating Contaminant Degradation at an MGP Site With Metabolic Gas Flux and Radio Carbon Dating
Author(s)
Carroll Sean M.,
Peacock Aaron D.,
Zimbron Julio,
Alepidis Kenneth N.,
Clock Jeffrey A.
Publication year2017
Publication title
remediation journal
Resource typeJournals
PublisherWiley
Obtaining lines of evidence indicating that contamination in sediment environments is degrading and being transformed to less toxic forms is an important component of building support for a monitored natural recovery remedy for contaminated sediments. This project was a field demonstration of manufactured gas plant contaminant degradation in river sediments using metabolic gas flux and was performed in an urban area section of a river in northeastern Indiana. CO 2 sorbent traps were deployed to measure CO 2 flux from the river sediments. Sediment samples were collected and analyzed for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) concentrations and for microbial community composition using molecular techniques. The results showed that the deployment was successful, measuring CO 2 flux at all sediment locations and demonstrating that microbial contaminant degrading activity was occurring in the sediments. Radio carbon dating showed a significant portion of the CO 2 being generated (approximately 19–27 percent) was the result of fossil fuel degradation. Molecular results showed that the microbial community consisted of phylotypes known to be associated with monocyclic aromatic and PAH degradation. ©2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Subject(s)chemistry , degradation (telecommunications) , engineering , environmental chemistry , environmental engineering , environmental science , flux (metallurgy) , organic chemistry , telecommunications , waste management
Language(s)English
SCImago Journal Rank0.762
H-Index27
eISSN1520-6831
pISSN1051-5658
DOI10.1002/rem.21508

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