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open-access-imgOpen AccessComparative effects of immediate‐release and extended‐release aspirin on basal and bradykinin‐stimulated excretion of thromboxane and prostacyclin metabolites
Gamboa Jorge L.,
Devin Jessica K.,
Ramirez Claudia E.,
Yu Chang,
Nian Hui,
Lee Rhonda H.,
Brown Nancy J.
Publication year2016
Publication title
pharmacology research and perspectives
Resource typeJournals
Abstract A goal of aspirin therapy is to inhibit thromboxane production and platelet aggregation without inhibiting endothelial production of the vasodilator and anti‐thrombotic prostacyclin. This study tested the hypothesis that extended‐release aspirin ( NHP ‐554C) would have increased selectivity for inhibition of basal and simulated thromboxane formation compared to immediate‐release aspirin ( ASA ). Thirty‐six healthy subjects were randomized to NHP ‐554C or ASA groups. Within each group, subjects were randomized to 5‐day treatment with 81 mg/d, 162.5 mg/d and placebo in a crossover design in which treatment periods were separated by 2‐week washout. On the fifth day of treatment, 81 mg/d and 162.5 mg/d ASA reduced basal urinary excretion of the stable thromboxane metabolite 11‐dehydro‐thromboxane B2 62.3% and 66.2% and basal excretion of the stable prostacyclin metabolite 2,3‐dinor‐6‐keto‐ PGF 1 α 22.8% and 26.5%, respectively, compared to placebo. NHP ‐554C 81 mg/d and 162.5 mg/d reduced 11‐dehydro‐thromboxane B2 53% ( P  = 0.03 vs. ASA 81 mg/d) and 67.9% and 2,3‐dinor‐6‐keto‐ PGF 1 α 13.4% and 18.5%, respectively. NHP ‐554C 81 mg/d did not significantly reduce basal excretion of the prostacyclin metabolite. Both doses of ASA and NHP significantly reduced excretion of both thromboxane and prostacyclin metabolites following intravenous bradykinin. During NHP ‐554C 162.5 mg/d, but not during ASA , bradykinin significantly increased urinary 2,3‐dinor‐6‐keto‐ PGF 1 α . Nevertheless, 11‐dehydro‐thromboxane B2 and 2,3‐dinor‐6‐keto‐ PGF 1 α responses to bradykinin were statistically similar during ASA and NHP ‐554C. In conclusion, at doses of 81 and 162.5 mg/d immediate‐ and extended‐release aspirin selectively decrease basal thromboxane production. Both forms of aspirin decrease bradykinin‐stimulated thromboxane and prostacyclin production, but some stimulated prostacyclin production remains during treatment with NHP ‐554C.
Subject(s)alternative medicine , aspirin , bradykinin , chemistry , crossover study , endocrinology , excretion , medicine , metabolite , pathology , pharmacology , placebo , platelet , prostacyclin , receptor , thromboxane , thromboxane a2
SCImago Journal Rank0.975

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