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Premium 1 H magnetic relaxation times in isotactic polypropylene crystallized at high temperature. Effect of molecular weight
Author(s)
Tanaka Hiroshi,
Inoue Yoshinori
Publication year1993
Publication title
polymer international
Resource typeJournals
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
Abstract The temperature dependence of 1 H spin‐lattice, T 1 (H), and spin‐spin, T 2 (H), relaxation times of isotactic polypropylene with relatively low molecular weight, M̄ w = 1.95 × 10 5 , and ultra‐high molecular weight, M̄ w = 1.78 × 10 6 , crystallized at high temperature (155° C) for a long time (200 h), was measured with a broad line pulse spectrometer. T 1 (H) for the ultra‐high molecular weight sample is shorter than that for the low molecular weight sample, while T 2 (H) for the ultra‐high molecular weight sample is longer than that for the low molecular weight sample. From the analysis of free induction decay (FID), three components of T 2 (H), i.e. T 2c (H), T 2m (H) and T 2a (H), were obtained. These relaxation times are associated with the crystalline, intermediate and amorphous regions, respectively. Here the intermediate regions are the regions in which chain molecules have intermediate mobility between that of crystalline and amorphous regions. A decrease in signal intensity of methylene, methine and methyl carbons was measured as a function of delay time following a 90° pulse before cross‐polarization. From the slope of a log (intensity) versus t 2 plot a relaxation time associated with rigid regions of proton nuclei, T 2r (H), was obtained, where the rigid regions are the regions in which cross‐polarization occurs easily. The value of T 2r (H) lies between that of T 2c (H) and T 2m (H), indicating that the intermediate regions act as the rigid regions so far as cross‐polarization is concerned.
Subject(s)amorphous solid , analytical chemistry (journal) , chemistry , composite material , crystallization , crystallography , free induction decay , magnetic resonance imaging , materials science , medicine , methylene , molecule , nuclear magnetic resonance , organic chemistry , physics , polarization (electrochemistry) , polymer , polymerization , psychology , radiology , relaxation (psychology) , social psychology , spin echo , tacticity
Language(s)English
SCImago Journal Rank0.592
H-Index105
eISSN1097-0126
pISSN0959-8103
DOI10.1002/pi.4990310103

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