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Premium Extrudate swell and drawdown effects on extruded profile dimensions and shape
Huneault Michel A.,
Lafleur Pierre G.,
Carreau Pierre J.
Publication year1990
Publication title
polymer engineering and science
Resource typeJournals
PublisherSociety of Plastics Engineers
Abstract Plastic profile die design is a complex task because of cross section area and shape changes occurring after die exit. Dimensions of the profile are increased by the extrudate swell phenomenon and decreased by drawdown and shrinkage. An experimental study on the effect of processing conditions on extrudate swell and on the shape of a rectangular profile was done for rigid poly(vinyl chloride), PVC, and high density polyethylene, HDPE, resins. Extrudate swell was found to be a strong decreasing function of residence time in the die and also, for short dies, of entrance geometry. For PVC, equilibrium swell increased with melt temperature. The differences in swelling for the two polymers are explained with the help of creep/recovery data obtained on a stress rheometer. Drawdown, die land length, and melt temperature were shown to have an important effect on the shape of a rectangular profile. Decreasing the die land and increasing the melt temperature had the effect of increasing preferably the thickness while drawdown, by inhibiting the swelling, decreased the thickness.
Subject(s)aquifer , composite material , creep , die (integrated circuit) , die swell , drawdown (hydrology) , extrusion , geology , geotechnical engineering , groundwater , high density polyethylene , materials science , nanotechnology , oceanography , polyethylene , shrinkage , swell , swelling
SCImago Journal Rank0.503

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