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Premium Inhibitor studies of phage T4 wild‐type and mutant DNA polymerase. IV. The substrate analog 3′‐fluorothymidine 5′‐triphosphate
Author(s)
Schroeder C.,
Jantschak J.
Publication year1980
Publication title
zeitschrift für allgemeine mikrobiologie
Resource typeJournals
PublisherAkademie‐Verlag
Abstract The deoxythymidine5′‐triphosphate (dTTP) analog 3′‐fluorothymidine 5′‐triphosphate (3′‐FdTTP) inhibits DNA synthesis by T4 wild‐type, L98 (mutator) and CB121 (antimutator) DNA polymerase. CB121 DNA polymerase is less sensitive by a factor of two than the L98 and T4 + enzymes. Inhibition is not due to incorporation of the analog into DNA. 3′‐FdTTP acts competitively to the substrate dTTP. The CB121 polymerase exhibits a higher K i to K m ratio than the other two enzymes (5.3 vs. 3.3) and thus discriminates better between the substrate dTTP and its analog 3′‐FdTTP. 3′‐FdTTP inhibits the polymerase‐associated 3′‐5′ exonuclease activities to the same extent as their polymerase activities. The CB121 3′‐5′ exonuclease activity is suppressed only half as much by 3′‐FdTTP as by dTTP. The results are discussed in relation to the role of T4 DNA polymerase and its associated 3′‐5′ exonuclease in determining the accuracy of DNA replication.
Subject(s)biochemistry , biology , chemistry , dna , dna clamp , dna polymerase , dna polymerase delta , dna polymerase i , dna polymerase ii , dna replication , dna synthesis , exonuclease , gene , klenow fragment , microbiology and biotechnology , polymerase , polymerase chain reaction , processivity , reverse transcriptase
Language(s)English
SCImago Journal Rank0.58
H-Index54
eISSN1521-4028
pISSN0044-2208
DOI10.1002/jobm.19800201009

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