Premium Increased chondrocyte adhesion on nanotubular anodized titaniumPremium
Webster Thomas J.
journal of biomedical materials research part a
Abstract Previous studies have demonstrated increased osteoblast (bone‐forming cells) functions (including adhesion, synthesis of intracellular collagen, alkaline phosphatase activity, and deposition of calcium‐containing minerals) on titanium anodized to possess nanometer features compared with their unanodized counterparts. Such titanium materials were anodized to possess novel nanotubes also capable of drug delivery. Since titanium has not only experienced wide spread commercial use in orthopedic but also in cartilage applications, the objective of the present in vitro study was for the first time to investigate chondrocyte (cartilage synthesizing cells) functions on titanium anodized to possess nanotubes. For this purpose, titanium was anodized in dilute hydrofluoric acid at 20 V for 20 min. Results showed increased chondrocyte adhesion on anodized titanium with nanotube structures compared with unanodized titanium. Importantly, the present study also provided evidence why. Since material characterization studies revealed significantly greater nanometer roughness and similar chemistry as well as crystallinity between nanotubular anodized and unanodized titanium, the results of the present study highlight the importance of the nanometer roughness provided by anodized nanotubes on titanium for enhancing chondrocyte adhesion. In this manner, the results of the present in vitro study indicated that anodization might be a promising quick and inexpensive method to modify the surface of titanium‐based implants to induce better chondrocyte adhesion for cartilage applications. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res, 2009
Subject(s)adhesion , aluminium , anatomy , anodizing , cartilage , cell adhesion , chondrocyte , composite material , implant , materials science , medicine , metallurgy , nanometre , nanotechnology , osseointegration , surface roughness , surgery , titanium
SCImago Journal Rank0.849
Seeing content that should not be on Zendy? Contact us.