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Premium Diameters and terminal patterns of retinofugal axons in their target areas: An HRP study in two teleosts ( Sebastiscus and Navodon )
Ito Hironobu,
Vanegas Horacio,
Murakami Takeshi,
Morita Yasuhiro
Publication year1984
Publication title
journal of comparative neurology
Resource typeJournals
PublisherWiley Subscription Services
Abstract Studies in various vertebrate classes, particularly amphibians and mammals, have revealed that retinal ganglion cells with different functional properties project by means of axons of correspondingly different diameters onto specific target regions. Whether a similar pattern exists in teleosts is partly investigated in the present study. HRP was injected into the optic nerve of Sebastiscus and Navodon . The calibers of intraretinal HRP‐labeled axons were classed as fine (ca. 0.8 μm), medium (ca. 1.3 μm), and coarse (ca.2.5 μm). The calibers of HRP‐labeled retinofugal axons were then determined in their target areas, and these can be summarized as follows: Optic hypothalamus: fine, medium. Lateral geniculate nucleus: fine. Dorsolateral thalamic nucleus: fine, medium. Area pretectalis: fine. Nucleus of the posterior commissure: fine, medium. Area ventralis lateralis, contralateral: fine, medium, coarse; ipsilateral: coarse. Optic tectum, stratum opticum: fine, medium; stratum fibrosum et griseum superficiale: fine, medium, coarse, segregated in sublayers; stratum album contrale: fine, medium, coarse. Therefore, fine fibers were found to reach all target areas except the ipsilateral area ventralis lateralis, and these were the only fibers found in the lateral geniculate nucleus, area pretectalis, and stratum griseum centrale of the optic tectum. Coarse fibers, on the other hand, were found only in the area ventralis lateralis and the optic tectum (stratum fibrosum et griseum superficiale and stratum album centrale). Terminal patterns of these fibers were also studied. Most fine fibers take tortuous courses giving off a few branches and terminate with many varicosities, and medium and coarse fibers give off several finer branches and terminate with bulbous swellings. The physiological significance of these findings is discussed. In addition, retrogradely labeled (retinopetal) cells were found in the olfactory bulb and the area ventralis pars ventralis of the telencephalon, as well as in the preoptic area and the dorsolateral thalamic nucleus.
Subject(s)anatomy , axoplasmic transport , biology , central nervous system , lateral geniculate nucleus , midbrain , neuroscience , nucleus , paleontology , posterior commissure , retina , stratum , tectum
SCImago Journal Rank1.855

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