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Premium Early involvement of synapsin III in neural progenitor cell development in the adult hippocampus
Kao HungTeh,
Li Ping,
Chao Helen M.,
Janoschka Stephen,
Pham Kara,
Feng Jian,
Mcewen Bruce S.,
Greengard Paul,
Pieribone Vincent A.,
Porton Barbara
Publication year2008
Publication title
journal of comparative neurology
Resource typeJournals
PublisherWiley Subscription Services
Abstract Synapsin III is a synaptic vesicle‐associated protein that is expressed in cells of the subgranular layer of the hippocampal dentate gyrus, a brain region known to sustain substantial levels of neurogenesis into adulthood. Here we tested the hypothesis that synapsin III plays a role in adult neurogenesis with synapsin III knockout and wild‐type mice. Immunocytochemistry of the adult hippocampal dentate gyrus revealed that synapsin III colocalizes with markers of neural progenitor cell development (nestin, PSA‐NCAM, NeuN, and Tuj1) but did not colocalize with markers of mitosis (Ki67 and PCNA). Because neurogenesis consists of a number of stages, the proliferation, survival, and differentiation of neural progenitor cells were systematically quantitated in the hippocampal dentate gyrus of adult synapsin III knockout and wild‐type mice. We found a 30% decrease in proliferation and a 55% increase in survival of neural progenitor cells in synapsin III knockout mice. We also observed a 6% increase in the number of neural progenitor cells that differentiated into neurons. No difference in the volume of the dentate gyrus was observed between synapsin III knockout and wild‐type mice. Collectively, our results demonstrate a novel role for synapsin III in regulating the proliferation of neural progenitor cells in the adult hippocampal dentate gyrus. These findings suggest a distinct function for this synaptic vesicle protein, in addition to its role in neurotransmission. J. Comp. Neurol. 507:1860–1870, 2008. © 2008 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.
Subject(s)biology , dentate gyrus , doublecortin , gene , genetics , hippocampal formation , hippocampus , immunohistochemistry , immunology , knockout mouse , membrane , microbiology and biotechnology , neun , neural development , neural stem cell , neurogenesis , neuroscience , progenitor cell , receptor , stem cell , subgranular zone , subventricular zone , synapsin , synapsin i , synaptic vesicle , vesicle
SCImago Journal Rank1.855

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