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Premium Lateral pterygoid muscle: A three‐dimensional analysis of neuromuscular partitioning
Author(s)
Davies J.C.,
Charles M.,
Cantelmi D.,
Liebgott B.,
Ravichandiran M.,
Ravichandiran K.,
Agur A.M.
Publication year2012
Publication title
clinical anatomy
Resource typeJournals
PublisherWiley Subscription Services
Abstract The lateral pterygoid (LP) has been implicated in temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pathology. Few studies have examined muscle architecture of the superior (SLP) and inferior (ILP) heads of LP; moreover, the pattern of intramuscular innervation is poorly defined. The purpose of this study was to determine patterns of intramuscular innervation of LP using 3D modeling. The superior and lateral aspects of LP were exposed in 10 embalmed cadaveric specimens. Nerves entering the muscle, all branches of the mandibular nerve (V 3 ), were followed intramuscularly in short segments and sequentially digitized. Muscle volume, surrounding bone, and the TMJ disc were also digitized. The data were reconstructed into 3D models (Maya®) that were used to determine patterns of intramuscular innervation. It was found that the SLP had independent sources of innervation to each of the quadrants in its superior part (masseteric/posterior deep temporal/middle deep temporal/buccal) and one primary source of innervation (buccal) to the quadrants of the inferior part. This difference in innervation is significant as the superior part attaches to the TMJ disc‐capsule complex, whereas the inferior part attaches to the mandibular condylar neck. Differing sites of attachment and sources of innervation for each part suggests that movement of the TMJ disc‐capsule complex, independent of the condyle, may be possible. The buccal nerve supplied both the medial and lateral quadrants of the ILP, with the medial quadrants receiving additional innervation from V 3 muscular branches. Results of this study could be used to direct EMG/ultrasound studies of LP function as related to TMJ disorders. Clin. Anat. 25:576–583, 2012. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Subject(s)anatomy , cadaver , cadaveric spasm , condyle , facial nerve , lateral pterygoid muscle , mandibular nerve , masseter muscle , masticatory force , medicine , molar , muscle architecture , muscles of mastication , orthodontics , pathology , pterygoid muscles , temporomandibular joint , zygomatic arch
Language(s)English
SCImago Journal Rank0.667
H-Index71
eISSN1098-2353
pISSN0897-3806
DOI10.1002/ca.21298

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