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Premium Synthesis of hyperbranched organo‐montmorillonite and its application into high‐temperature vulcanizated silicone rubber systems
Author(s)
Wang Jincheng,
Chen Yuehui,
Wang Jihu
Publication year2008
Publication title
journal of applied polymer science
Resource typeJournals
PublisherWiley Subscription Services
Abstract N , N ‐Di(2‐hydroxyethyl)‐ N ‐dodecyl‐ N ‐methyl ammonium chloride was used as intercalation agent to treat Na + ‐montmorillonite and form a type of organic montmorillonite (OMMT). Hyperbranched OMMT (HOMMT) was prepared by condensation reaction between OMMT and the monomer we synthesized. It was then used in the preparation of high‐temperature vulcanizated silicone rubber (HTV‐SR)/HOMMT nanocomposite. Different types of HTV‐SR/HOMMT nanocomposites were prepared with different amounts of HOMMT and compared with the composites directly incorporated with OMMT. Tensile properties such as tensile strength, elongation at break, permanent distortion, and shore A hardness were researched and compared. A combination of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, wide angle X‐ray diffraction, and transmission electron microscopy studies showed that HTV‐SR/HOMMT composites were on the nanometer scale, and the structure of HTV‐SR was not interfered by the presence of HOMMT. Results showed that the tensile properties of HTV‐SR/HOMMT systems were better than that of the HTV‐SR/HOMMT and HTV‐SR. This was probably due to the surface effect of the exfoliated silicate layers and anchor effect of HOMMT in the SR matrix. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2009
Subject(s)chemical engineering , composite material , engineering , fourier transform infrared spectroscopy , heat deflection temperature , izod impact strength test , materials science , monomer , montmorillonite , nanocomposite , natural rubber , organoclay , polymer , polymer chemistry , shore durometer , silicone rubber , thermal stability , ultimate tensile strength
Language(s)English
SCImago Journal Rank0.575
H-Index166
eISSN1097-4628
pISSN0021-8995
DOI10.1002/app.29112

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