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Premium Maternal midtrimester serum AFP and free β‐hCG levels in in vitro fertilization twin pregnancies
Räty Raija,
Virtanen Arja,
Koskinen Pertti,
Laitinen Päivi,
Forsström Jari,
Salonen Riitta,
Mörsky Pertti,
Ekblad Ulla
Publication year2000
Publication title
prenatal diagnosis
Resource typeJournals
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
Abstract We aimed to compare the levels of alpha‐fetoprotein (AFP) and free β‐human chorionic gonadotrophin (β‐hCG) levels as multiples of the median (MoM) values between spontaneous and in vitro fertilized (IVF) twin pregnancies. The control group of spontaneous singleton pregnancies was used for calculating the gestational age specific median levels of the values. Within a cohort of 19 310 pregnancies, 145 twin pregnancies were identified. The data were collected from Down syndrome (DS) screening programmes in four University catchment areas in Finland between 1994–98. Maternal midtrimester serum marker levels were measured across gestational weeks 14–18. There were no fetal chromosome anomalies in either of the twin groups or the singleton group. Serum AFP of 145 and β‐hCG values of 39 spontaneous twin pregnancies were compared to the values of 6548 singleton pregnancies. In IVF twins 30 AFP and 29 β‐hCG values were compared to the levels of the control group. Both AFP and β‐hCG values were twice as high in the spontaneous twin pregnancies (medians 2.18 and 1.83 MoM respectively) as in the singleton group (medians 1.00 and 1.00 MoM respectively). In IVF twin pregnancies β‐hCG levels were higher (median 2.20 MoM) than in spontaneous twins ( p =0.08), whereas no significant difference was found in AFP levels (2.30 MoM). In conclusion, the higher levels of β‐hCG levels in IVF twin pregnancies should be considered in DS screening to avoid high false positive rates. Copyright © 2000 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Subject(s)biology , fetus , genetics , gestational age , gynecology , in vitro fertilisation , medicine , obstetrics , pregnancy , singleton , twin pregnancy
SCImago Journal Rank0.956

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