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Premium Use of Real‐World Data and Evidence in Drug Development of Medicinal Products Centrally Authorized in Europe in 2018–2019
Eskola Sini Marika,
Leufkens Hubertus Gerardus Maria,
Bate Andrew,
De Bruin Marie Louise,
Gardarsdottir Helga
Publication year2022
Publication title
clinical pharmacology and therapeutics
Resource typeJournals
PublisherNature Portfolio
Real‐world data/real‐world evidence (RWD/RWE) are considered to have a great potential to complement, in some cases, replace the evidence generated through randomized controlled trials. By tradition, use of RWD/RWE in the postauthorization phase is well‐known, whereas published evidence of use in the pre‐authorization phase of medicines development is lacking. The primary aim of this study was to identify and quantify the role of potential use of RWD/RWE (RWE signatures) during the pre‐authorization phase, as presented in the initial marketing authorization applications of new medicines centrally evaluated with a positive opinion in 2018–2019 ( n  = 111) by the European Medicines Agency (EMA). Data for the study was retrieved from the evaluation overviews of the European Public Assessment Reports (EPARs), which reflect the scientific conclusions of the assessment process and are accessible through the EMA website. RWE signatures were extracted into an RWE Data Matrix , including 11 categories divided over 5 stages of the drug development lifecycle. Nearly all EPARs included RWE signatures for the discovery (98.2%) and life‐cycle management (100.0%). Half of them included RWE signatures for the full development phase (48.6%) and for supporting regulatory decisions at the registration (46.8%), whereas over a third (35.1%) included RWE signatures for the early development. RWE signatures were more often seen for orphan and conditionally approved medicines. Oncology, hematology, and anti‐infectives stood out as therapeutic areas with most RWE signatures in their full development phase. The findings bring unprecedented insights about the vast use of RWD/RWE in drug development supporting the regulatory decision making.
Subject(s)agency (philosophy) , authorization , bioinformatics , biology , business , clinical trial , computer science , computer security , drug , drug development , economic policy , epistemology , european union , marketing authorization , medicine , orphan drug , pathology , pharmacology , philosophy , regulatory science
SCImago Journal Rank1.941

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